What the law says
Section 78 of the Transport Operations (Road Use Management) Act Queensland states:
- A person must not drive a motor vehicle on a road unless the person holds a driver licence authorising the person to drive the vehicle on the road..
What the police must prove
In order for the Police to prove their case at Court, they must prove each of the following matters beyond a reasonable doubt:
- Was a driver of a motor vehicle on the road; and
- Did not hold a driver licence authorising them to drive the vehicle on the road; and
- Did not hold a driver licence due to disqualification resulting from an accumulation of demerit points.
It will be necessary for the Police in every offence to prove that the accused was the person who committed the offence. Click here to learn more about identification evidence.
Maximum penalty – 40 penalty units or 1 year’s imprisonment.
Maximum Licence Disqualification – 5 years.
Penalty unit = $100.00
Which court will hear the matter
Under section 3(5) of the Criminal Code Act Queensland this offence is classed a simple offence and therefore may be heard in the Magistrates Court pursuant to section 19 of the Justices Act Queensland.
Possible defences to this offence include but are not limited to
- The accused held a valid licence authorising him/her to drive
- The accused did not hold a valid licence but was not driving on the road
- The accused was not in fact disqualified from driving due to a high speed conviction
- Duress – example: there was a threat of violence against the accused or some other person that the accused reasonably believed would be carried out if they did not drive.
- Necessity – example: there was an extraordinary emergency
- Identification i.e. the accused was not the driver